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Old 11-28-2009, 08:49 PM   #1
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From what I recall Slocum's Spray was copper painted (below the waterline). He touted it as being a dry boat, but didn't give the credit to the copper paint, he gave the credit to the tight planking and caulking... Brenda, if I recall isn't your Mahdee aslo copper painted?? I think I remember you mentioning her swelling phase when she first went in (as with any wooden boat).... How does copper paint on a wooden boat work? the copper paint as I understand it is a hard barrier coat? how does water get to the wood to swell it?? wouldn't the swelling crack the paint and leave room for intrusion??

I must be missing something...
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Old 11-28-2009, 10:07 PM   #2
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Yep, ours is "copper painted" with Aquarius Marine's Coppercoat. Nice product, environmentally friendly, easy to apply yourself and cleans up with water. Negative is that the particular paint can't get wet for 72 hours after use. There are many bottom paints with high levels of copper. Ours is a non-ablative paint and I would not suggest that anyone use an ablative bottom paint with copper as there is much evidence of negative environmental consequences.

Paints are not waterproof coatings though some of the latex house paints do a great job of letting paint get under it (with a crack the substrate for example) but not dry out so they encourage rot on houses...but I digress. Water slowly permeates paint and does get to the hull. The process for a wood boat is that the paint provides the initial water proofing (for a few minutes to a few hours) then the (putty like) paying compound in the seams does the job for a bit (more minutes) then the cotton or oakum caulking material starts swelling with water further helping to keep water ingress at bay, and finally the wood itself swells sufficiently to be tight. If the planking job was done properly (on a carvel planked boat) the inboard edges of the planks almost (but not quite) crush each other tightly together while the outboard edges of the planking still have enough space to hold in the paying compound. The cotton or oakum is sandwiched behind that paying compound and in front of the almost-crushed inner edge of the plank. Some tightly seamed boats do not have caulking or paying, they are tight fit board-to-board. Some Scandinavian boats are built this way as are many of the early Concordia yawls. The outgage (angles of planking meeting each other) is different based upon wood species, moisture content of the planking stock, and other environmental conditions. Our boat was tightly seamed and had a 4 degree outgage for the outboard 2/3 of the planks and then tight for the inboard 1/3 of the plank. Our expectation was for crushing of the wood on that inboard (inside) seam.

It is very common when the boat is newly planked (as ours just was) for the first swelling to push a bit of the paying compound out (it is placed in with a concave curve but the swelling of the seams can make a little convex "pooch" outwards) and at a minimum there is an expectation that the paint with crack at the seams as it is also crushed outwards a bit. This happens above and below the waterline. In our case, the old oak keel is pooching alot where it had dried alot and we filled the dried out cracks with a bedding compound that could be pushed out of the wood when the oak soaked up water again; and we have one area of the planking (starboard side starting at the stem and working back about 20 feet) at and above the waterline which is seeing paint crushing outwards from the planking swelling up. I've already scraped and touched up the paint in that area twice (down to the waterline), will be tipping the boat (at a dock) on 12/14 for 3 days to scrape and paint topsides paint right at the waterline and I really look forward to our first haul out in 2010 to do a more thorough job.

When a boat is being repainted after having been in service for a while, any significant movement and crushing shouldn't happen. The paint will typically have sufficient elasticity to move with plank motion (which is very small in a yacht with good structural integrity and built with hardwood) rather than crack. If there are big cracks in the paint or difficulty in keeping paint on the hull, there may be underlying structural or movement issues.

Hope that answers your question.

Here are some pictures of the bottom with the copper paint and some pics planking the boat.

Here's a link where you can see the copper paint right before she went into the water

same pic but smaller here



You can see the pink color of the newly applied paint here at this link. After the bronze bars were riveted thru the rudder, I went back and painted them, too.



same pic but smaller here

The last plank on the starboard side goes where the wedges are: Link to big pic



Fitting a garboard plank (about 35 feet long) link to big picture here



Planing a plank Link here



Putting in the cotton caulking...here you can see how small the seams actually are...about 3/32" on the outside of the plank.

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Old 11-28-2009, 11:36 PM   #3
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Brenda,

That is a super post !

Loved the term "pooched" "a little roll of flab that pooches out above the tight waists of their spandex trunks" (Megan Rosenfeld)."

Friend of mine who was restoring a century old steam tug in Alameda showed me planks that still had the original paint on the plank ends and which were in perfect condition, he also showed me planks which had no paint on the ends but where rot had infected the wood.

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Old 11-29-2009, 12:35 AM   #4
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Richard,

These days folks might use something like Smith's Clear Penetrating Epoxy Sealer (CPES) on all the plank surfaces as they went along...or use red lead paint...We did both..we saturated all seams (including plank ends) with CPES (that's the darkness you can see along the planking seams where I'm caulking) and then after caulking we painted the seams with white lead paint (above the waterline...you can see some of it on th seams I've already completed) and red lead paint (below the waterline). We had the best of all "nasties" to prevent rot--we hope!

A lot of times the "no paint on the ends of the old planks" is because of years of water moving thru the seam--perhaps a hood end? My understanding is that even if you properly paint all the faying and other hidden surfaces, if a lot of water moves thru because of bad fit, there is good chance for rot. Planks that fit well to the keel and to each other have a better chance of lasting.
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Old 11-29-2009, 06:30 AM   #5
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Great post "redbopeep".
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Old 11-29-2009, 08:14 PM   #6
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yup, that answers my question.... thanks loads.
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